One of the more severe eye conditions is glaucoma, which typically affects older adults. This eye disease can cause damage to the optic nerve. It has the nickname "the silent thief of sight" because there are virtually no early warning signs in the early stages of development.
Our optometry team at Granite Pointe Eye Inc. in Roseville, CA, answers some of your most commonly asked questions about glaucoma.
What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
Unfortunately, there aren't noticeable signs of glaucoma until the disease advances into later stages. However, one of the beginning symptoms is losing your peripheral vision. This is the ability to see objects to your sides without turning your head. Later, it can create what we refer to as "tunnel vision," and your central view is also affected.
Are There Different Types of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is differentiated into two primary forms: open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. The primary differences are explained below:
Open-angle glaucoma- This form is more common, making up for about 9 out of 10 cases. It develops slowly over time as you lose visual acuity from increased intraocular pressure.
Angle-closure glaucoma- This form is less common but more severe. There are symptoms with angle-closure glaucoma, such as hazy vision, severe eye and head pains, nausea/vomiting, or even a temporary vision loss.
The rapid increase of intraocular pressure is a severe condition. If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, make an appointment with our eye doctor right away.
How Do We Diagnose Glaucoma?
Only a dilated exam with an optometrist can make an accurate diagnosis of glaucoma. We can examine the internal structures of the eyes to check the optic nerve for damage. We can also test intraocular pressure with a tonometer. Visual field tests will be used to see if there is a loss in peripheral vision.
Can Glaucoma Be Prevented?
Glaucoma can't be prevented, but you can do your part by leading an active lifestyle, eating a well-balanced diet, and having regular exams with an optometrist. If you have a previous medical condition or a family history, regular communication with our optometry team is imperative.
Make an Appointment with Our Roseville Eye Doctor
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness. It's often diagnosed too late or left untreated, so it can be a debilitating condition limiting your ability to work and do everyday tasks. Granite Pointe Eye Inc. wants you to know more about glaucoma, so we have provided information on what it is and how it affects sight loss. If you suspect something may be wrong with your eyesight or if you are experiencing any symptoms such as blurred vision, please schedule an appointment at 916-797-6747 today.